New paper in press on bee diversity and winter climate change

What happens to wild bees if the winter gets warmer? We performed an experiment looking at temperature effects on different bee species during a time when nobody thinks about them, because they don’t fly around. The paper, recently published online in Oecologia, shows that bee diversity might be important as an insurance against climate change: different bee species respond differently to higher overwintering temperatures. For some species, warmer winter means higher metabolism (and thus increased weight loss and early emergence), but not for others. As common in ecology, the consequences are not too simple to predict: some of this ‘response diversity’ is related to the time of year a species is normally active. Read more…

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